"3.1.84" is a color monotype created in 1984 by American artist Frank Lobdell (1921-2013). It is pencil signed and titled (dated) in the lower margin. David Kelso, Made in California, printed this monotype on wove Rives BFK watermarked paper measuring 22-1/8 x 30 inches.
Most of Lobdell's color monotypes and intaglios are designated by the month, day and year of execution rather than a formal title. For the viewer, this approach eliminated any prejudgment caused inadvertently by a title.
Frank Lobdell, painter, printmaker, and teacher, was born in Kansas City, Missouri in 1921. He attended the Saint Paul School of Fine Art in Minnesota. During World War II, Lobdell served in the US Army between 1942 and 1946. After the war, he settled in Sausalito, California and enrolled in the California School of Fine Arts under the GI Bill. Lobdell was a member of the Sausalito Six and was included in the 1948 group exhibition "5 Young Moderns" at the Seashore Gallery of Modem Art in Sausalito. He is important in the history of Abstract Expressionism in California.
Lobdell left for Paris in 1951 and enrolled in the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. Later that year he returned to San Francisco and established a studio. His teaching career began in 1957 at the California School of Fine Arts where, according to art historian and critic Thomas Albright, "he was one of the most influential teachers." He was made Professor of Art at Stanford University where he taught from 1967 until 1991.
Lobdell was given the first Nealie Sullivan Award by the San Francisco Art Association and the Medal for Distinguished Achievement in Painting from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. His work is in the collections of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Stanford University Museum of Art, Oakland Museum of California Art, San Francisco Museum of Modem Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Smithsonian American Art Museum, and the National Gallery.